Jump to content

Arden, Delaware

Coordinates: 39°48′33″N 75°29′12″W / 39.80917°N 75.48667°W / 39.80917; -75.48667
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arden, Delaware
Arden Craft Shop/Museum/Archive
Arden Craft Shop/Museum/Archive
"You are welcome hither"
Location of Arden in New Castle County, Delaware.
Location of Arden in New Castle County, Delaware.
Arden is located in Delaware
Location within the state of Delaware
Arden is located in the United States
Arden (the United States)
Arden is located in North America
Arden (North America)
Coordinates: 39°48′33″N 75°29′12″W / 39.80917°N 75.48667°W / 39.80917; -75.48667
Country United States
State Delaware
County New Castle
 • Total0.25 sq mi (0.65 km2)
 • Land0.25 sq mi (0.65 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
253 ft (77 m)
 • Total430
 • Density1,726.91/sq mi (666.55/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code302
FIPS code10-01400
GNIS feature ID213569[2]

Arden is a village in New Castle County, Delaware, United States, founded in 1900 as a radical Georgist single-tax community by sculptor Frank Stephens and architect William Lightfoot Price.[3] The village occupies approximately 160 acres, with half kept as open land. According to the 2010 census, the population of the village is 439.[4] In 1973, the entire village was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Two neighboring villages of similar size were founded on Georgist principles, Ardentown, in 1922, and Ardencroft, in 1950. In 2003, they were also listed on the NRHP as the Ardens Historic District. Many Ardenites, as the villagers of Arden are called, consider themselves to be "close-knit, nature-loving, liberal, tolerant, free-spirited, artistic, intellectual, even ex-hippie".[5]


Arden was founded in 1900 by sculptor Frank Stephens and architect William Lightfoot Price, based on ideas such as Henry George's single-tax, William Morris’s Arts and Crafts principles,[5][6] and Peter Kropotkin's theories of community. Philanthropist Joseph Fels funded the project.

The single-tax movement, popular in the U.S. and other countries from the 1890s until the 1930s, is based on the belief that the best way to raise government money was to tax only the value of unimproved land and the public-created value, like roads, added to the land. The tax, based on a systematized assessment, would recover both the value of natural resources and public investment for the public, while not impeding labor and capital from profiting from their efforts. Followers of Henry George's philosophy of economics created Arden as an experiment in the single-tax idea after a failed attempt to implement Georgism in the entire state of Delaware in the late 19th century.

Englishman William Morris rebelled against modern cities and industry. He advocated a return to craft production, good design, and village life. Kropotkin was primarily an anarcho-communist whose ideas regarding social and community living were used by the founders of Arden to advance Morris' ideas for the return to village life.

Stephens Theater

Land in Arden cannot be sold; instead it has a renewable 99-year lease. The leasehold interest in the land has a market value and can be sold. People are free to improve it as they choose, but the land-lease fee will not increase because of improvements. Arden is not exempt from New Castle County land taxes, but the buildings within the village are taxed separately for county and school district revenue, while the land is technically one large parcel, and taxed by New Castle County accordingly. The land is held in a trust, administered by three elected trustees, who have lifelong tenure. Arden's tax structure is currently based upon the individual leaseholds. Most leaseholds are residential, and the land rent is based upon the square footage rather than the improvements upon the land. A seven-member board of assessors, elected using single transferable vote to ensure representation of minority viewpoints, divides the County's full assessment of the residential areas of Arden among the individual lots.[7] Lots that are nearer to open space or woodlands are assessed a bit higher, while lots nearer main road are assessed a bit lower.

At first, Arden was a summer community. People lived the simple life in tents or rustic dwellings. By 1909, much of the land had been leased, mostly for summer use. By 1922 there were 148 leaseholders, 100 buildings, 350 summer residents, and 100 winter residents.[8]

The founding of the Arden Club, a volunteer-run community center, in 1908 provided an organizational core for community activity. Interest groups and task groups were called gilds [sic] rather than committees. From the beginning, Shakespeare’s plays were produced in the outdoor Field Theater. Fairs, pageants, and Arden holidays filled the calendar. Many of these events continue today through various community organizations including the Arden Recreation and Community Association (ARCA) and the Arden Club, as well as through some of the village committees for each of the three Ardens. The Georgist Gild no longer exists (ended in 2014), but the Georgists continues to offer courses in Georgist economics to the Ardens and any other interested communities.

"Rest Cottage" designed by William Lightfoot Price
"The Lodge"
"Green Gate"

Shakespeare's plays were produced early in Arden's history to promote better oratory skills among the Georgists and have continued if only as a tradition and form of entertainment.

It took longer to implement the Arts-and-Crafts ideal because the community was so small at first. Many people worked in Wilmington or Philadelphia. In 1913, the Craft Shop was built, which provided facilities for various artisans. Arden crafts, especially from the Arden Forge and Arden Weavers, became popular in the area.

The conceptual lifestyle of Arden proved so popular that it expanded twice, with Ardentown in 1922 and Ardencroft in 1950. Today, the Ardens remain as single-tax communities at the village municipal level. The spirit of Arden encourages all sorts of artistic and intellectual expression and a strong community life. Most of the village activities and Club activities are run by volunteers.

Arden, Delaware and its sister villages, Ardentown and Ardencroft, are in the National Historic Register because of their cultural landscape, rather than its land or buildings.[9] Still, there are several buildings associated with Stephens and Price, including old farm houses and converted barns, the Craftshop, the Weaveshop, and a number of fine Craftsman Houses, that have historical and architectural interest.[10]


Village of Arden
Area163 acres (66 ha)
ArchitectWilliam Lightfoot Price, Frank Stephens
Architectural styleTudor Revival, Elizabethan
NRHP reference No.73000550[10]
Added to NRHPFebruary 6, 1973
Ardens Historic District
Arden, Delaware is located in Delaware
Arden, Delaware
Arden, Delaware is located in the United States
Arden, Delaware
Area380 acres (150 ha)
ArchitectWilliam L. Price, Frank Stephens
Architectural stylelate 19th and early 20th century American Movements, barn
NRHP reference No.01001245[10]
Added to NRHPMay 30, 2003

There are six named houses in Arden designed by William Lightfoot Price: Friendly Gables (built 1909), 2205 Little Lane; The Lodge (1910), 2209 The Sweep; Rest Cottage (1910), 2328 Cherry Lane; Green Gate (1909), 2210 The Sweep; The Second Homestead (1909), 2311 Woodland; and The Fels House (1909), 2110 Orleans Road.[11] Price also designed the Arden Craft Shop in 1913. His designs are generally Elizabethan Revival and show the influence of the Arts and Crafts movement. The first houses built in Arden were small summer cottages that have been destroyed, or in a few cases greatly enlarged. Small worker's cottages were also built after the completion of the Craft Shop. Price may have participated in the designs of both these forms as well. Residents often designed, built and named their own cottages. Upton Sinclair's cottage was built with funds from Joseph Fels and named by other residents "Jungalow."[12]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all land. It is bounded by Sherwood Forest, Marsh Road, Hanby Park, and the expansion villages of Ardentown and Ardencroft.



DE 3 southbound in Arden

Delaware Route 3 runs southwest-northeast along the western border of Arden as Marsh Road, heading south toward Wilmington and north toward Delaware Route 92 west of Claymont. Harvey Road runs northwest-southeast through Arden and leads southeast to a partial interchange with Interstate 95, which has access to southbound I-95 toward Wilmington and access from northbound I-95 coming from Wilmington, and to U.S. Route 13 Business southwest of Claymont.[13] DART First State provides bus service to Arden along Route 11, which heads south via DE 3 and Washington Street to the Wilmington station serving Amtrak and SEPTA Regional Rail's Wilmington/Newark Line.[14]


Delmarva Power, a subsidiary of Exelon, provides electricity and natural gas to Arden.[15][16] Suez Delaware, a subsidiary of Suez North America, provides water to Arden.[17] Sewer service in Arden is provided by New Castle County. Trash and recycling collection in Arden is provided by Trash Tech.[18]


It is in the Brandywine School District.[19]

Notable people[edit]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[36]

As of the census[37] of 2000, there were 474 people, 229 households, and 122 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,780.5 inhabitants per square mile (687.5/km2). There were 243 housing units at an average density of 912.8 per square mile (352.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.15% White, 0.84% African American, 0.42% Native American, 1.69% Asian, and 1.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.

There were 229 households, out of which 21.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.9% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.3% were non-families. 38.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 18.1% under the age of 18, 3.2% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 35.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $56,731, and the median income for a family was $70,893. Males had a median income of $48,125 versus $38,333 for females. The per capita income for the village was $30,422. None of the families and 2.1% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 2.0% of those over 64.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 31, 2021.
  2. ^ "Arden". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
  3. ^ "Arden". charters.delaware.gov. August 3, 2007. Archived from the original on April 30, 2009.
  4. ^ "The Delaware Census State Data Center". Archived from the original on December 31, 2016. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  5. ^ a b Brown, Robin. "Arden: As they like it". The News Journal.
  6. ^ Wiencek, Henry (May 1992). "Laying out the idyllic life in a latter-day Arden". Smithsonian. 23 (2). Washington, D.C: Smithsonian Institution: 124. ISSN 0037-7333. OCLC 265517591.
  7. ^ "Election Procedures & Records". Village of Arden, Delaware. Village of Arden, Delaware. Retrieved December 2, 2021.
  8. ^ Huntington, Charles White (1922). Enclaves of Single-Tax or Economic Rent: being a compendium of the legal documents involved, together with a historical description. Harvard, Massachusetts: Fiske Warren. p. 57
  9. ^ Themal, Harry F. (1997). "Students support Ardens' efforts to gain national landmark status". UD Messenger.
  10. ^ a b c "Village of Arden NRHP Nomination Form". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 1973., including photos. Arden Historic District documentation not yet posted on-line.
  11. ^ Minutes Archived November 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Town Meeting of January 27, 2003, accessed November 30, 2010.
  12. ^ Taylor, Mark (2010). Arden, Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. p. 128. ISBN 0-7385-8559-9, ISBN 978-0-7385-8559-8.
  13. ^ Delaware Department of Transportation (2008). Delaware Official Transportation Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware Department of Transportation.
  14. ^ "Routes and Schedules". DART First State. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  15. ^ "Service Territory". Delmarva Power. Archived from the original on May 25, 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  16. ^ "Gas Delivery Service Area". Delmarva Power. Archived from the original on August 15, 2017. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  17. ^ Geographic Information (Map). New Castle County, Delaware. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  18. ^ "Civic Committee". The Village of Arden. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  19. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: New Castle County, DE" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  20. ^ Hickey, Elaine (September 18, 2009). "INSIDE: June 22, 2009 Meeting Minutes" (PDF). Arden, DE, US: The Village of Arden. p. 3, 4.0 Recognition of the Departed. Retrieved December 3, 2020.
  21. ^ Cramer, Richard Ben (1992). "1954". What it takes : the way to the White House. New York: Random House. p. 301. ISBN 9780394562605. OCLC 24794262.
  22. ^ a b "Towns for Arts Lovers". Delaware Today. March 6, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  23. ^ Bloor, Ella Reeve (1940). "Suffer, Little Children—". We Are Many: An Autobiography. New York: International Publishers. pp. 66–72. OCLC 577705692.
  24. ^ Harris, Matthew M. (2004). "Arden History". Lessons from Attempted Utopia: Fairhope, AL and Arden, DE. Cambridge, MA, US: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. p. 38. Retrieved December 3, 2020 – via Jstor.
  25. ^ "ArchivesUSA: Bloor, Ella Reeve". Chicago-Area Computer Activism. Retrieved December 3, 2020.
  26. ^ Leech, Steven. "Comedy and Romance in Arden, Delaware". The Broadkill Review. 10 (2): 1, 19–20. ISSN 1935-0538. OCLC 76893150.
  27. ^ Brevda, William (1986). "Love's Coming-of-Age". Harry Kemp, the last Bohemian. Lewisburg London: Bucknell University Press Associated University Presses. p. 55–65. ISBN 9780838750865. OCLC 610117506.
  28. ^ Gray, Erik (July 1, 2014). "Radical Teaching: Scott and Helen Nearing's Impact on Maine's Natural Food Revival". Maine History. 48 (2). Maine Historical Society: 276–277. OCLC 35278700 – via digitalcommons.library.umaine.edu.
  29. ^ Ketcham, Christopher; Dunham, Lena; Dasgupta, Rana; Tisdale, Sallie (October 19, 2012). "Monopoly Is Theft". Harper's Magazine. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  30. ^ Taylor, Mark (2010). Arden. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781439626085. OCLC 860833892.
  31. ^ Peterson, R.W.n. "The August 26, 1946 Meeting of the Town Assembly of Arden, De" (PDF). Arden, DE, US: The Village of Arden. Retrieved December 3, 2020. Signed: R.W. Peterson
  32. ^ Frank, Bill (September 4, 1985). "The Henry George session was a flop". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE, US. ISSN 1042-4121. OCLC 760300114.[page needed]
  33. ^ Milford, Maureen (October 15, 2012). "Walking tour celebrates history of Arden community". Deseret News. Retrieved December 2, 2020.
  34. ^ "UPTON SINCLAIR IN JAIL.; With Ten Others for Violating Delaware's Sunday Law". The New York Times. August 2, 1911. Retrieved December 2, 2020.
  35. ^ "Arden Claims Upton Sinclair". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE, US. September 1, 1934. p. 6. OCLC 760300114. Retrieved December 2, 2020.
  36. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  37. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.

External links[edit]